Environmental activists and fisherfolk organisations fear that the already skewed compromise between urban planning and coastal protection would be distorted even further if the recent proposed Marine Coastal Regulation Zone (MCRZ) notification were allowed to sail through.
The National Coastal Protection Campaign (NCPC), an umbrella network of NGOs, fish-worker organisations and environmental activists, has, while condemning the “dilution” of the Coastal Regulation Zone 2011 under the proposed notification, flayed the move as one which “will not enhance coastal governance, but rather open up India’s coastline to further commercialisation”.
Probir Banerjee, convenor, NCPC, while rejecting the proposed notification of April 17, pointed out that while the CRZ itself remains to be implemented and enforced as per the letter of the law, the new notification further dilutes the CRZ 2011.
Mr. Banerjee, who also represents the NGO PondyCAN, which as a member of NCPC, helped bring out the Challenged Coast of India report, expressed concern that easing the current regime would exacerbate existing problems of coastal governance and leave fisher communities who share collective claims to common spaces such as beach space, further marginalised.
“In a struggle between communities and short-term commercial interests, the existing power balance alone has meant that communities are often displaced or are left with heavily altered/restricted access to precious livelihood spaces. The proposed changes to the CRZ 2011 seem set to further marginalise and exclude these communities. A provision that allows communities to build houses is meaningless when all available space can be legally claimed by other, more-powerful interests,” he said.
Bringing in some significant changes in the way it governs its coasts, the government is moving to remove the ban on reclamation of land in coastal areas for commercial or entertainment purposes while also allowing tourism activities even in ecologically sensitive areas along the shores.
The Environment Ministry is learnt to have finalised a new notification to replace the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) notification of 2011 that regulates all kinds of activities along India’s coastline. The new order, to be called Marine and Coastal Regulation Zone (MCRZ) notification, is likely to be issued soon.
The draft MCRZ notification also allows setting up of fish-processing units, makes allowance for facilities meant for patrolling and vigilance activities of coastal or marine police, and removes the necessity of obtaining environmental clearances for constructing housing units, and related infrastructure, for local fishermen community. The new order, however, does not make any changes in the definition of areas that would be classified as the regulation zone. The MCRZ would extend to at least 500 m towards the landward side from the high-tide line demarcated by the government.
Activities within this zone would continue to be regulated but certain activities like land reclamation for commercial purposes that were banned earlier can now be taken up. The demand for permitting reclamation of land had been voiced mainly from Maharashtra. The Environment Ministry has reasoned that reclamation of coastal areas was being undertaken across the world to address economic, social and security issues, and that such reclamation could be allowed in India as well after detailed studies.
The Indian government has drafted new rules that will remove the ban on exploiting the Indian coasts and beaches for commercial and entertainment use, potentially endangering even ecologically sensitive areas, The Indian Express reported.
According to the report, the Environment Ministry has drafted rules that will replace the current set of regulation that falls under the "Coastal Regulation Zone" norms that currently prohibit among other things the construction of permanent and concrete structures within half a kilometre from the sea coasts.
The draft rules would allow, among other things, the setting up of residences, commercial fish processing units and other infrastructure. Even ecologically sensitive areas such as wildlife reserves could be exploited for development activities if they are deemed in "national interest," according to the ministry, which has stated these areas have "tremendous tourism potential."
Some states have been demanding the easing of the current rules, alleging that the coast lines are already being encroached upon by commercial enterprises illegally and should be opened up for commercial use.
However, according to a Times of India report, there have been a number of instances in Visakhapatnam, for example, where government bodies have allegedly permitted the construction of several hotels, resorts and commercial projects along the Vizag-Bheemili Beach Road in violation of the rules.
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP). This is the first ever national plan prepared in the country.
Minister of Home Affairs Shri Rajnath Singh, Minster of State for Home Affairs Shri Kiren Rijiju, and senior officers of the Prime Minister's Office, Ministry of Home Affairs and National Disaster Management Authority were present during the function.