NCPC Views on CRZ March 2010

National Coastal Protection Campaign (NCPC)

Outcome of the CRZ consultations and the proposed draft notification

Views and Recommendations


Photos of Mumbai Public consultation 12Aug09

Photos taken at the meet in Mumbai on 12th August 2009. Courtesy Mr Tom Kocherry, NFF.


Preliminary Assessment of Impact of Tsunami in Selected Coastal Areas of India.

Department of Ocean Development Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management, Project Directorate, Chennai, June 2005.

The tsunami is an eye opener on set back lines decided for protection/conservation of coastal resources, beaches, protection of land, people, etc. Generally setback lines are decided in terms of distance from High Tide Line as done under the CRZ Notification. The run-up levels due to increase of sea level during tsunamis as well as during storm surges have added another dimension of elevation to be taken into consideration in the principle of setback line based coastal zone management. It is necessary to incorporate the elevation levels for new/expanded settlement areas under the Town and Country Planning Acts so that the human and property are saved from the natural hazards/vulnerabilities. The low lying areas like Nagapattinam, Nellore to Machilipatnam, Paradip to Bangladesh border, Kachchh coast in Gujarat, Andaman & Nicobar islands, etc. need immediate attention in this regard. Maps demarcating the extent of land areas vulnerable to seawater inundation and safe locations for settlement, schools and vital infrastructure need to be prepared for all areas in the country. Where possible, the settlements and other human gathering locations like schools, theme parks, etc. need to be located at safer locations in a phased manner. (From Inferences).


Press coverage 10 Aug 07

Press coverage of the campaign against the CZM notification on 9 August, 2007


Press Coverage 13 June 07

Press coverage of the 11 June meeting on CZM

Press Coverage 9 Jul 07

This file contains press clippings collected by Sudarshan Rodrigues on CZM issues as on date


Protecting coastal and marine environment from impacts of land-based activities: A guide for nationa

Coastal and marine environments play many different roles in relation to public health, food security, economic and social benefits, cultural values and traditional livelihoods. The state of these environments is mirrored by activities carried out on land. Activities varying from industrial and agricultural production to daily domestic routines affect the health of these ecosystems and of the people that depend on them. Going by the axiom, “Think globally, act locally”, National Programmes of Action have been suggested that will help each country to meet the goals as far as the GPA-LBA aspect is concerned.
The report has three major parts. Part I is meant for policy makers as well as environmental managers ranging from national to local levels. It has a simple structure in which it sets the scene for action. Chapter 1 gives a general introduction; Chapter 2 briefly describes action taken so far at global and regional levels and summarizes lessons learned from relevant national strategic planning tools such as the National Programmes of Action (NPAs) and sustainable development strategies; Chapter 3 introduces guiding principles for national action. Part II goes into more detail, especially addressing environmental managers, outlining specific tasks involved in a NPA process. Chapter 4 proposes a framework with five main steps that will lead to action. For each of the five Steps specific tasks are formulated. Chapter 5 describes Steps 1, 2 and 3, dealing with the initiation of a NPA process and the formulation of a realistic programme. Chapter 6 covers Steps 4 and 5, focusing on actual successful measures and activities. Part III presents annexes with background information, more extensive examples and a list of recent publications recommended for further reading.



Authored by: Sridhar, A., R. Arthur, D. Goenka, B. Jairaj, T. Mohan, S. Rodriguez and K. Shanker. 2006
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this report are solely those of the authors and not necessarily that of the institutions they represent
The main recommendations of this consultative review are:

1. A clear timeframe for implementation is necessary for the implementation of the relevant recommendations of the Swaminathan Report based on strategies and recommendations made in this review document.
2. It is recommended that a state-wise review of the CRZ notification be initiated as a follow-up to the Swaminathan review to guide the development of new legislation
3. There should be major public consultations/workshops inviting various NGOs and resource persons to present the findings of the Swaminathan Report.
4. Incorporation of hazard and risk management and flood plain management and wetland drainage design in the overall coastal management mechanism and in the designing of a flexible vulnerability line with proper guidelines and procedures for changes
5. No significant change in the categorisation of the CRZ is suggested in this review
6. There is a need to develop a specific list of projects for each of the different zones on the coast for which EIAs become mandatory
7. A rigorous study must be commissioned to identify suitable best practices in other countries based on the leads provided by the Swaminathan Committee
8. Future research and detailed review based on primary and secondary biological, legal and sociological information is required to guide policy changes
9. Detailed geo-referenced maps need to be prepared for the entire coast to facilitate a GIS-based approach to coastal zone management

Statement - National Consultation - 11 June 2007

National Consultation on Impending Threat to the Coastal Zone was held at Chennai on 11 June 2007. This is the statement issued at the Consultation. It was signed by over 50 people who attended the consultation.